When the body does not produce enough insulin or does not use it properly, pre-diabetes and then Type 2 diabetes are likely to develop. In other words; Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus individuals develop hyperglycemia gradually due to progressive loss of insulin secretion with insulin resistance frequently being the underlying cause. It is often not severe enough in the early stages for the person to notice any of the classic symptoms of diabetes hence type T2DM individuals may or may not experience the classic symptoms of uncontrolled diabetes and they are not prone to develop ketoacidosis except during times of severe stress.
Managing type 2 diabetes includes a mix of lifestyle changes and medication.
It’s a relief to know that, you may be able to reach your target blood sugar levels with diet and exercise alone.
Dietary Management: A huge part of managing type 2 diabetes is developing a healthy diet. You need to eat something sustainable that helps you feel better and still makes you feel happy and fed. Remember, it’s a process. Work to find helpful tips and diet plans that best suit your lifestyle—and how you can make your nutritional intake work the hardest for you. A registered dietitian may help you to control your sugar levels through diet, which plays a pivotal role on an everyday basis. Also, it’s all about finding the right balance that works for you.
CARBOHYDRATES: Knowing what kind and how many carbs to eat is important for managing diabetes. Eating too many carbs can raise your blood glucose too high. Eating too little carbohydrate can also be harmful because your blood glucose may drop too low, especially if you take medicines to help manage your blood sugar. Balance is the key!
Choose a more balanced nutrient mix of carbs, protein, and fat. The goal is to choose carbs that are nutrient-dense, which means they are rich in fiber, vitamins, and minerals, and low in added sugars, sodium, and unhealthy fats.
PROTEINS: A diet high in protein (10-35% of total intake) is good for health of diabetics because it supplies the essential amino acids for tissue repair. It does not raise blood sugar as carbohydrates and not as high as fats in calories.
FAT: Fat content in the diet should be 15-25% of total calories and high in PUFA’s.
VITAMINS AND MINERALS: Diet rich in all vitamins particularly C and E and antioxidants in fruits and vegetables and in minerals magnesium and zinc are encouraged. Sodium intake should be moderate.
Exercise. It does wonders in the management of diabetes. Try to get 30 to 60 minutes of physical activity every day. You can walk, bike, swim, or do anything else that gets your heart rate up. Pair that with strength training, like yoga or weightlifting. If you take a medication that lowers your blood sugar, you might need a snack before a workout.
Medications: If dietary measures alone are inadequate, the patient is put on medications called Oral Hypoglycemic Drugs (OHD’s). Middle and poorer income group which account for the majority of diabetic patients, OHD’s are often prescribes followed by diet, exercise, and lastly by insulin.
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